The two became friends and learned from each other.The archeologist found pottery and other items from the Black Sand culture — dated to the early woodland period of about 1,000 BC — as well as items distinctive to the Hopewell culture such as mound building and other activities dating to around 300 BC.Tags attached to artifacts, or numbers and letters printed on the items, can be cataloged to keep a record.
The Indians in southern Illinois did take up the Mound Builder faith, but they apparently obtained their knowledge of it from the Illinois River people, and they still clung to many of their old ways.
The following tribes at one time are recorded in history as having resided within the present state of Illinois. This tribe, after helping destroy the Illinois, settled on Vermilion River and extended its territories to Illinois River.
If the tribe name is in bold, then Indiana is the primary location known for this tribe, otherwise we provide the tribes specifics as it pertains to Illinois and then provide a link to the main tribal page. Representatives of this tribe appear in treaties made in 1795, 1816, 1829, and 1833 relinquishing Illinois land to the Whites. While they were being slowly crowded west by the Whites, the Delaware passed across Illinois, and their connection with the State was transitory in both senses of the term. This tribe, together with the Sauk, drove the Illinois Indians from the northwestern part of the State of Illinois in the latter part of the eighteenth century and took their places, but ceded the territory to the United States Government by a treaty signed November 3, 1804. It ceded this land to the United States Government July 30, 1819. In very early times the Miami had a town where now stands Chicago, and later their territorial claims covered parts of the eastern sections of the State. Some Ottawa worked down to the northernmost part of the State in the eighteenth century. This tribe succeeded the Miami in the region of Chicago, and, after the destruction of the Illinois, occupied still more territory in the northeastern part of the State. The Sauk assisted their relatives the Foxes in expelling the Illinois tribes from the Rock River region, and they occupied it with them until the lands were ceded to the Whites and they moved farther west. There were Shawnee for a while in the southern part of Illinois. Representatives of this tribe were parties to an Illinois land cession in 1829. Some Wyandot were parties to the Greenville Treaty in 1795 relinquishing land in Illinois to the Whites.
Longtime arrowhead collector Eddie Johnson points out various aspects of his collection Tuesday in his rural Pike County, Ill., home.
That transition from one culture to another was a major find for Mc Gregor.