Thus, there is no one age of majority for all purposes of Canadian law.
Back to Top Canada has ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child, and the Optional Protocol to the Convention of the Rights of the Child on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict, and it has signed the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution, and Child Pornography. Since Canadian constitutional law does not generally permit the federal government to legislate over matters that fall under provincial jurisdiction even for the purpose of implementing an international agreement, Canada makes reservations to this effect if implementation would require provincial cooperation.
Thus, the federal government has been able to implement the Optional Protocols by amending its statutes that regulate national defense and create a national criminal code.
Back to Top In Canada, each province operates its own health insurance program.
The federal government has had to work with the provinces in implementing aspects of the original convention dealing with such matters as education and health care.
On the other hand, the conduct of war and criminal law are matters under federal jurisdiction.
Canada has ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child and one of the two optional protocol to it while signing the other.